Enslaved Spaces (ES) project aims to illustrate locations connected to the movement, containment, punishment, and trade in human capital within the Black Atlantic from 1440 until 1880. Sites of slavery in Africa served three systems: the domestic slave trade, the tran-Saharan slave trade, and the transatlantic slave trade. Among the questions raised were, how did slave markets and other designated sites emerge? Which routes could be accessed? As a result, the map highlights some key issues such as strategical positioning and the rapid development of these sites. In many areas of Africa slavery did not exist until the emergence of the tran-Saharan and transatlantic trade.
Enslaved Spaces Project is now hosted by The African Diaspora Institute of Cultural Exchange and Historical Research, Inc. (C.E.H.R.)
Ms. Christine Anderson is the Director of Archives at the USC-L Native American Studies Center. She will be researching spaces in South Carolina.
Mr. Lance Parker is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Hull. He will be researching the coastal regions in South Carolina and spaces in Jamaica.
Mr. Afonso Vita is currently the General Manager of the Institute of Promotion of Tourism of Angola. Mr. Vita will be researching enslaved spaces in Angola.
Ms. Miller Curator for the Antiquities Monuments and Museum in the Bahamas will be researching enslaved spaces in the Bahamas.
Mr. Dodoo creative concepts for Enslaved Spaces will inspire and attract the diaspora to appreciate and understand the importance of the study of slavery in Africa and the Americas.
Dr. Sidi is a historian and geographer is currently the Director of Timbuktu Cultural Heritage. His contribution to the enslaved spaces project has been tremendous, and looking forward to discovering spaces in Timbuktu and Mali.
Natasha Bynoe is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of the West Indies - Cave Hill Campus and is the CEO of the African Diaspora Institute of Cultural Exchange and Historical Research. Currently, she is an Adjunct Lecturer at the University of The Gambia. She teaches undergraduate and post-graduate courses in Diaspora Studies, American History and Slavery in the Americas, and Indigenous Slavery in West and Central Africa.
She graduated from the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus in Barbados. She has written several articles for news agencies and journals.
Mr. Brathwaite is an Analytical Chemist, Environmental Professional and Certified Project Manager with over 25 years of experience. He has successfully completed a variety of complex and challenging assignments and has provided corporate advisory services to government, private sector and international donor clients.
He has completed projects that include petrochemical and industrial process operations, hotel and resort development, infrastructure planning (water, sewerage, roads, airports and ports), solid waste management, agriculture and tourism sector studies, quarrying and land development.
Technical Special Advisor
Roland K. Sodeyi is an independent software development manager.
He was born in London to Nigerian and Barbadian parents. With two sons from his Guyanese wife, he is interested in heritage information he can pass on to them.
He was especially drawn to this project particularly because it dealt with a part of the transatlantic slave trade of which very little seems to be in the public domain.
He was happy to lend his technical expertise to this work and is pleased that a resource such as this will be available especially for future generations to learn and benefit from.
A pioneer in realism art and is the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Art Ambassador for West Africa. As the founder of PITO Painting in the Open, the C.E.O. of Art Tricks in Ghana, his mission is to educate and inspire through art. He attended the University of Education in Winneba with honors Bachelors in Art Education.
Mr. Dodoo has worked for the Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library, Ministry of Creative Art and Culture in Ghana, The National Theater of Ghana, and as an actor for the hit series Puzzled; other titles include Content Developer, Crypto NFTs, and Set Designer. Mr. Dodoo is extremely passionate about Africa and her diaspora.
Afonso Vita, is the General Manager of Institute of Promotion of Tourism of Angola. He graduated from the Internacional Institute of Tourism of Tangier - Morocco. He received his masters degree From the Florida Metropolitan University of Orlando, now Everest in Florida - United State of América.
Mr. Vita is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Coimbra - Portugal. His defense is in a few months and look forward to addressing Mr. Vita, Dr. Vita very shortly.
Capitalizing on the government's mandate to promote culture and the proposed National Museum of The Bahamas, Nameiko Miller holds true to the belief that the fate of increasing community engagement in Bahamian culture and heritage lies in museum programs and exhibitions. Nameiko works as a Curator at the Antiquities Monuments and Museum Corporation since 2009.
With a background in History from University of The Bahamas, she decided to pursue higher learning in Museum Studies at the University of Florida, where completed her Master’s degree in December 2018. Among the areas of focus for her advanced studies is the processes of accession, collections documentation, and research and information dissemination through exhibitions, publications, lectures, public programming and public addresses.
Lance Parker is a Ph.D. candidate in history at the Wilberforce Institute for Slavery and Emancipation, an institution apart of the University of Hull. In 2021, he completed his Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree at the City College of New York with a thesis on the Jamaican Maroons in the 17th and 18th Centuries. Lance is also a member of the Mellon Mays Fellowship, a program that seeks to diversify academia with scholars from misrepresented backgrounds.
Christine Anderson is the Director of Archives at the USC-L Native American Studies Center. She is also the consulting archivist for the Waccamaw Indian People of South Carolina and the Oral History Project of the Georgetown County Museum. She will be teaching undergraduate courses in records management and preservation.
She has a BA in English from Coastal Carolina University and a Master's in Library and Information Science from the University of North Carolina Greensboro. Her research focus has been on Cultural Heritage Education in GLAM settings, though she shares a keen interest in culinary anthropology and the history of the South Carolina Lowcountry. She is an experienced journalist, photographer, and food and travel writer, which informs her research and writing of people and places.
Ensa Touray lectures history at the University of The Gambia, at the School of Arts and Sciences in Brikama.
He received his doctorate from the University of Ife, Nigeria. He obtained his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in African studies from the University of The Gambia.
Dr. Sidi is a historian, geographer, who worked at the Timbuktu Cultural Mission from 1993 to 2013. Dr. Sidi is the technical advisor of Mali Minister of Culture and currently Director of Timbuktu Cultural Heritage.
Anago James Akeem Osho is a multi-award-winner in heritage tourism and cultural promoter, historian, curator for the Badagry Slave Museum in Lagos, partner at the Afro-Brazilian Cultural Centre at Lagos Island, and is a member of the World Federation of Tour Guides Association headquarter in Austria.
As the proprietor of Anago James Akeem Osho Adventures, the Benin Republic English Tours, and Tour Guide Africa. He conducts tours teaching about the trans-Atlantic enslave trade experiences; his companies advocates for the promotion of African perspectives in information about new and ancient Africa.
As Ambassador for DNA Tested Yorubas of Nigeria on behalf of Imperial African History and Genetic Genealogical Society, the U.S.A, he serves the African diaspora as a bridge to reconnect with their African heritage.
Our map illustrates the history and geography of the slave trade in West and Central Africa between 1440-1860. The research conducted are from secondary and primary sources both written and oral accounts.
The contents of each record will consist of the following information:
CATEGORIES AND SUB-CATEGORIES
This map contains main and sub-categories. Please see below for clarification with definitions. The main categories are written in caps, and sub-categories start with a dash (-). Sub-categories have a code in parentheses, which will be displayed in the heading of each record.
Captive Market (CM): A market in which captives are exhibited and sold.
Trans-Saharan Market (TSM): Markets are located between Northern Africa and the Sahel region.
Space of Resistance (SP): An act of resisting bondage, either active or passive, to claim any measure of freedom against the system of slavery.
Assembly Point (AP): A designated space for assembly.
Captive Bath (CB): A water source for captives to bathe.
Captive Prison/Cage (CP): A prison or cage that houses captives.
Castle (C): A large building, typically of the medieval period, fortified against attack with thick walls, battlements, towers, and in many cases, a moat.
Fort (F): A trading station.
Port of Call (PC): A place where a ship docks on a voyage.
Factory/Trading Post (TP): An establishment for traders carrying on business in a foreign country; a merchant company trading station.
War Activity (W): A conflict between two or more kingdoms, villages, or groups of people.
Raids for Captives (RC): A rapid surprise attack by a kingdom, village, or group of people against another for kidnapping humans.
Escape Route (ER): A route used by the enslaved or captive to escape bondage.
Trans-Saharan Route (TR): Trade routes from northern Africa to the Sahel region and below.
River Route (RROU): An established and pre-arranged route by inland waterway for travel. Primarily for captives.
Land Route (LROU): An commonly used or pre-arranged route by land for travel.
WHO USES THE MAP
We aim to provide real-time updates and access to new research. This is a large-scale project that will take several years to complete. However, the study has a significant impact across several disciplines.
The Family Researcher:
It is possible to gain an insight into which ethno-societies resided in particular areas. This knowledge can significantly be used by descendants that received DNA results to discover potential routes traversed and the enslaved spaces. More importantly, to give acknowledgment to these spaces and to have a window, a tiny glimpse to understanding the slave trade on a deeper level.
The map is a critical aspect of understanding the slave trade on a micro-level. Our methodology consists of a three-prong approach. First, the use of primary sources (travel diaries, archeological reports, oral history); second, the information is verified by local and national scholars; and finally, verified by local griots and oral historians.